"Bolinas is an unincorporated coastal community in Marin County, California," according to Wikipedia. "The census designated place is located on the California coast, approximately 13 miles northwest of San Francisco by air.
"The community is known for its reclusive residents. It is only accessible via unmarked roads; any road sign along State Route 1 that points the way into town has been torn down by local residents, to the point where county officials offered a ballot measure to which the voters responded by stating a preference for no more signs.
"Bolinas sits at an elevation of 36 feet above sea level. It is bound on the northeast by Bolinas Lagoon and Kent Island and on the south by Bolinas Bay and Duxbury Point. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.8 square miles, all of it land. The GNIS has cited archaic alternate town-names, including 'Ballenas', 'Baulenas', 'Baulings', and 'Bawlines'.
"Bolinas' downtown is located on the eastern side of town along Wharf Road, which ends at Bolinas Lagoon. Downtown's buildings were mostly built between 1850 and 1920. Brighton Avenue connects downtown to the south-facing Brighton Beach. In the southeast corner of town is the Little Mesa. The Big Mesa, also known as the Gridded Mesa, lies to the west, with Agate Beach at its western end.
"By air, Bolinas is just 10 miles (16 km) west-southwest of San Rafael, and 13 miles northwest of San Francisco. While located just 2 miles from State Route 1, the area is not very accessible by car. The driving time from San Rafael is roughly 52 minutes, and it takes over an hour to drive to downtown San Francisco.
"Bolinas lies west of the San Andreas Fault, which runs the length of Bolinas Lagoon and continues northward through Olema Valley and Tomales Bay. Bolinas and the Point Reyes peninsula are on the Pacific Plate, moving north relative to Stinson Beach and the North American Plate at an average rate of about 1 inch per year.
"Point Reyes National Seashore borders Bolinas to the northwest. Duxbury Reef State Marine Conservation Area encompasses Bolinas' western shoreline.
"The first post office in the town of Bolinas opened in 1863.
"In 1927, a 300-acre former dairy farm on the Big Mesa was subdivided into a grid of streets and 5,336 lots measuring 20 feet by 100 feet. Many of these lots were sold for $69.50 by the San Francisco Bulletin as a subscription promotion. Portions of the mesa, including sections of Ocean Parkway, have since eroded into the sea. A few streets on the mesa are paved and maintained by the county, but many are unpaved, and either maintained by adjoining property owners or completely unmaintained. The Big Mesa has no sewer system, and houses on the mesa have individual septic systems.
"Bolinas and its reclusive reputation are featured in the 1981 novel Ecotopia Emerging by Ernest Callenbach. In November 2003, Bolinas voters adopted Measure G, an advisory ballot measure declaring Bolinas 'A socially acknowledged nature-loving town'.
"The 2010 U.S. Census reported that Bolinas CDP had a population of 1,620. There were 698 households, out of which 144 (20.6 percent) had children under the age of 18 living in them. The average household size was 2.05. There were 345 families (49.4 percent of all households); the average family size was 2.65."
(Note: Wikipedia text has been edited.)
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Subcategory Detail:United States of America
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